Gratuity Law in Pakistan: Overview and Importance

Gratuity Law in Pakistan: Overview and Importance

The gratuity law in Pakistan is a significant piece of legislation aimed at safeguarding employees’ financial interests upon completing their service tenure. It entails employers providing a sum of money to employees as a token of appreciation for their dedicated years of service. This legal provision ensures fair compensation and financial security for employees post-employment. Understanding the nuances of the gratuity law is crucial for both employers and employees to navigate this aspect of labor rights effectively.

Eligibility for Gratuity: Service Length Requirements

To be eligible for gratuity in Pakistan, employees must have completed a minimum of five years of continuous service with the same employer. This requirement emphasizes the importance of loyalty and dedication from employees who commit long-term to an organization. Continuous service without breaks or gaps in employment is essential to meet this eligibility criterion.

Calculation of Gratuity Amount in Pakistan

The gratuity amount in Pakistan is calculated using a simple formula. It involves multiplying the last drawn salary by the number of years of service and dividing the result by 26. The last drawn salary comprises the basic pay and dearness allowance, excluding bonuses or allowances. This calculation method ensures employees receive a portion of their last drawn salary for each year of service, providing them with financial security upon leaving the organization.

Who Qualifies for Gratuity in Pakistan?

Gratuity is typically provided to employees who have completed a certain length of service with an organization. In Pakistan, the Gratuity Law specifies eligibility criteria for receiving this financial benefit. Employees must have worked continuously for at least five years with the same employer to qualify for gratuity. However, certain exceptions may apply, such as temporary or contractual workers, part-time employees, or those on probationary periods.

Insights into the Gratuity Act of 1972

The Gratuity Act of 1972 outlines the legal framework for gratuity payments in Pakistan. It mandates that employees who have served continuously for at least five years are entitled to receive gratuity payments based on their last drawn salary and years of service. Adherence to this act is essential for both employers and employees to ensure compliance with labor laws regarding gratuities.

Exceptions to the Five-Year Continuous Service Rule

While the Gratuity Act typically requires five years of continuous service for eligibility, certain exceptions exist. For instance, if an employee passes away or becomes disabled before completing five years of service, their legal heirs may still be entitled to gratuity. Additionally, employees who resign due to permanent disability or face termination due to redundancy may qualify for gratuity even if they haven’t completed the full five years of service.

Pakistan’s Contract Act of 1872: An In-Depth Analysis

Contract Act: shaking hands

Pakistan’s legal framework is intricately woven with legislation that defines and regulates the dynamics of contractual agreements. Among these statutes, the Contract Act of 1872 holds a pivotal position, offering a comprehensive guide to the formation, execution, and enforcement of contracts in the country.

Unveiling the Core Components of Pakistan’s Contract Act of 1872

At the heart of this Act lies a detailed delineation of the essential elements required for a contract’s validity. From the fundamental aspects of offer, acceptance, and consideration to the intricacies of capacity, free consent, lawful object, certainty, and possibility of performance, this legislation meticulously defines the foundations of legally binding agreements.

Exploring the Diverse Spectrum of Contract Categories

Diving deeper, the Act categorizes contracts into distinct types, each with its specialized provisions and implications. Contracts of sale, indemnity, guarantee, bailment, agency, and more are elucidated within specific sections, providing a nuanced understanding of the varying contractual relationships and their legal ramifications.

Navigating the Legal Terrain: Performance, Discharge, and Remedies

In addition to defining the parameters for valid contracts, the Act also addresses the mechanisms for performance, discharge, and remedies in case of breaches. Understanding the rights and recourses available in instances of contractual violations becomes crucial for parties involved, ensuring legal avenues to address breaches while upholding contractual obligations.

The Act’s Evolution: Adapting to Modern Dynamics

While rooted in history, the Contract Act of 1872 has not remained stagnant. Its evolution through judicial interpretations, amendments, and contemporary applications has ensured its relevance in addressing modern complexities and challenges encountered in contractual engagements.

Nurturing Contractual Integrity in Pakistan

In conclusion, the Contract Act of 1872 stands as a cornerstone of Pakistan’s legal framework, providing a robust structure for contractual dealings. Its comprehensive provisions, adaptability, and evolving interpretations mark its continued relevance, safeguarding the integrity of contractual engagements in Pakistan’s legal landscape.

For legal practitioners, businesses, and individuals navigating the realm of contracts in Pakistan, comprehending the nuances of the Contract Act of 1872 is imperative. This understanding ensures compliance, fairness, and the protection of rights, fostering trust and reliability in contractual relationships.

Pakistan’s Civil Procedure Code (CPC): An In-Depth Overview

Law & Order Pakistan's Civil Procedure Code (CPC)

Pakistan’s legal system operates under the framework of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC), a fundamental statute that governs the procedural aspects of civil cases in the country’s courts. Understanding the CPC is vital for legal practitioners, litigants, and individuals involved in civil litigation.

Decoding Pakistan’s Civil Procedure Code (CPC)

The Civil Procedure Code, abbreviated as CPC, outlines the procedures and protocols to be followed in civil cases. Enacted to ensure fair trials and streamline legal proceedings, the CPC serves as a comprehensive guide, providing a structured framework from the initiation of a case to its resolution.

Key Components of CPC

The CPC delineates crucial components governing civil proceedings, including rules related to jurisdiction, pleadings, evidence, trial procedures, judgments, and execution. These components ensure a systematic and fair adjudication process in civil matters.

Jurisdiction and Venue

One of the pivotal aspects governed by the CPC is the determination of jurisdiction and venue for filing civil suits. The code outlines the criteria for selecting the appropriate court where a case should be heard based on territorial, pecuniary, and subject matter jurisdiction.

Pleadings and Evidence

The CPC sets guidelines for drafting pleadings, ensuring clear and concise statements of facts and legal claims. Additionally, it delineates rules for the presentation and examination of evidence, which is crucial in establishing the merits of a case.

Trial Procedures and Judgments

The CPC provides a structured framework for conducting civil trials, including procedures for examination of witnesses, arguments, and the issuance of judgments. These procedures ensure an equitable and just resolution of disputes.

Execution of Decrees

Post-judgment, the CPC governs the execution of decrees and orders, ensuring the enforcement of court judgments and the protection of rights for successful litigants.

Adhering to the Civil Procedure Code

In conclusion, the Civil Procedure Code (CPC) in Pakistan stands as a foundational pillar of the legal system, guiding and regulating civil litigation processes. Its comprehensive provisions ensure fairness, efficiency, and adherence to due process in civil proceedings, promoting access to justice and the resolution of civil disputes.

Understanding and complying with the CPC is essential for all parties involved in civil matters, ensuring adherence to legal protocols and facilitating a fair and transparent resolution of disputes.

Understanding Property Laws in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Guide

Property Laws in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Guide

Property laws in Pakistan form the legal framework governing the ownership, acquisition, transfer, and rights associated with properties across the country. These laws are crucial in safeguarding the interests of property owners and regulating transactions within the real estate sector.

For expert guidance on property matters, including legal assistance, we encourage you to reach out to our experienced team of property lawyers today.

Exploring Pakistan’s Property Laws

Pakistan’s property laws encompass a range of statutes and regulations that delineate the rights and responsibilities of property owners and buyers. These laws are primarily governed by acts such as the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, and the Land Revenue Act, providing the foundational structure for property transactions.

Ownership Rights and Legal Framework

Property laws in Pakistan confer various rights and obligations on property owners. These rights include the right to possess, use, transfer, and dispose of property, while the legal framework ensures protection against unlawful encroachments, fraud, and disputes related to property ownership.

Transfer of Property and Transactions

The Transfer of Property Act, 1882, governs the procedures and legalities involved in transferring property ownership. It defines and regulates various modes of property transfer, such as sale, mortgage, lease, gift, and inheritance, outlining the legal formalities and documents required for valid property transactions.

Land Revenue Laws and Regulations

The Land Revenue Act establishes the framework for land revenue collection and administration. This legislation addresses matters related to land assessment, revenue collection, land records, and agricultural tenancy, ensuring efficient governance of land-related affairs.

Dispute Resolution and Legal Recourse

In cases of property disputes, the legal system in Pakistan offers mechanisms for resolution. Property owners and stakeholders can seek legal recourse through courts or alternative dispute resolution methods to resolve conflicts related to property boundaries, titles, ownership, or tenancy issues.

Navigating Property Matters in Pakistan

Understanding Pakistan’s property laws is crucial for property owners, buyers, and investors. These laws establish a framework that ensures transparency, fairness, and legal compliance in property transactions, contributing to a stable and regulated real estate sector in the country.

For individuals engaged in property transactions or seeking legal guidance, a clear understanding of Pakistan’s property laws is essential to protect their interests and ensure compliance with legal requirements.

Deciphering Pakistan’s Legal Framework: The Dynamic Evolution of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC)

The Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC)

Pakistan’s Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC) stands as a testament to the evolving nature of legal systems. This comprehensive guide navigates through the intricate web of legal proceedings, exploring how the CRPC shapes the course of justice in the country.

The Living Document: CRPC’s Historical Journey

Originally enacted during the colonial era in 1898, the CRPC has witnessed a metamorphosis over the years. Its evolution, fueled by societal changes, judicial interpretations, and legislative amendments, reflects a constant endeavor to adapt to contemporary legal demands.

Unveiling CRPC’s Core Tenets: Beyond the Acronym

1. Human Rights Interface: A Catalyst for Fair Trials

Diving into the heart of the CRPC reveals its profound impact on ensuring the fundamental rights of individuals. The provisions regarding investigation protocols, arrest procedures, and bail rights serve as pillars upholding the principles of fairness and equity in criminal proceedings.

2. Procedural Mechanisms: CRPC’s Symphony of Legal Procedures

The CRPC orchestrates a meticulous sequence of legal processes. From trial procedures encompassing the examination of witnesses and presentation of evidence to the critical junctures of framing charges and conducting appeals, its framework meticulously outlines the stages of justice delivery.

Beyond Black Letter Law: CRPC in Practice

The true essence of the CRPC transcends the confines of legal texts. Real-life applications of the code, exemplified through significant cases and judicial interpretations, offer profound insights into the dynamic interplay between legal theory and practical implementation.

CRPC’s Future Trajectory: Adapting to Modern Legal Realities

As Pakistan’s legal landscape evolves, so does the CRPC. Recent reforms, technological advancements, and societal changes are reshaping the code’s contours, signaling a proactive approach to meet the demands of a contemporary justice system.

Embracing CRPC’s Continual Evolution

The Code of Criminal Procedure (CRPC) in Pakistan embodies the essence of a living legal document—a dynamic entity that adapts to societal needs while safeguarding justice. Its journey from its inception to the present reflects a commitment to balance tradition with progress, ensuring a fair and robust legal framework for the nation.

This exploration of the CRPC unveils its multifaceted role beyond legal jargon, presenting a narrative that intertwines law, societal dynamics, and the pursuit of justice in Pakistan’s legal realm.

Understanding Marriage Laws in Pakistan 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

A Women holding her daughter hand and telling her marriage laws in Pakistan.

Marriage Law in Pakistan, shaped by various statutes and legal provisions, governs the institution of marriage, its procedures, rights, and obligations. As of 2024, understanding these legal aspects is crucial for individuals contemplating marriage or dealing with marital matters in Pakistan.

Exploring the Legal Landscape of Marriage Law in Pakistan 2024

The year 2024 brings forth continued adherence to established marriage laws in Pakistan, encompassing statutes such as the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961, the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929, and various other regulations that outline the legal framework governing marriages in the country.

Marriage Procedures and Legal Requirements

Marriage laws in Pakistan dictate the procedures and legal requirements for solemnizing marriages. These laws outline the conditions for a valid marriage, including the age of consent, registration, documentation, and prerequisites for marriage ceremonies under different personal laws applicable to various religious communities.

Rights and Responsibilities of Married Individuals

The legal framework governing marriage in Pakistan confers certain rights and responsibilities on married individuals. These include rights related to inheritance, maintenance, guardianship, and dissolution of marriage, along with responsibilities towards spouses and children.

Protection Against Child Marriage

The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929, remains an integral part of Pakistan’s marriage laws in 2024. This act aims to prevent child marriages and stipulates penalties for those involved in solemnizing marriages where either party is below the legally permissible age.

Challenges and Reforms in 2024

While Pakistan’s marriage laws have evolved to address various issues, challenges persist, including issues related to underage marriages, forced marriages, and lack of awareness about legal rights among individuals. Efforts toward legal reforms and awareness campaigns continue to be vital in addressing these challenges.

Navigating Marriage Law in Pakistan 2024

Understanding the legal nuances of marriage law in Pakistan is crucial for individuals entering into matrimonial alliances or dealing with marital matters. Compliance with legal requirements, awareness of rights, and adherence to established laws are essential for fostering healthy and legally recognized marriages in the country.

For individuals navigating the realm of marriage in Pakistan in 2024, awareness and understanding of the legal framework are pivotal to ensure compliance and protect individual rights within the institution of marriage.


Hands with handcuff - The Guide to Criminal Justice System

There is limited awareness of the Criminal Justice System among citizens in Pakistan. As a result, in the case that individuals encounter a crime, whether they are the victimized or the accused, they lose out on the most strategic ways to navigate such situations. And so, perpetrators of crime either get away with their acts or those who have been falsely accused end up in jail. This blog aims to take you through the workings of the criminal justice system in Pakistan.


The Criminal Justice System (CJS) is the set of laws, principles, and procedures intended to process cases against accused persons and subsequently, hold those guilty, accountable in ways that the law prescribes. The purpose of our CJS is to control crime, prevent crime, punish offenders, protect the innocent, get justice for victims, and maintain a fair degree of cohesion and stability in society. The system describes the offences, punishments, procedures, and ways to punish those who violate laws of the society.

The three main contributors/agencies of the Criminal Justice System are:

  • Courts
  • Prosecution
  • Police

And, the two main laws governing the Criminal Justice System are:

  • The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
  • The Pakistan Penal Code, 1860

STEP-BY-STEP PROCESS (Criminal Justice System CJS)

So how does it Criminal Justice System (CJS) actually work in the practical world?

Step 1: Register the FIR

The process begins with registering the FIR (First Information Report). It is the responsibility of the victim to reach out to the police and register the FIR as soon as possible. But it’s seen that there’s normally a delay between the occurrence of a crime and the filing of complaints. Such delays hamper the victim’s case and can also be held against them in a court of law. Therefore, it’s essential to create awareness among people and urge them to file an FIR as soon as possible after the crime occurs.

Step 2: Police Investigation & Inquiry

After filing an FIR, the next step is the investigation and inquiry of the case. It’s carried out by the Police’s Investigation Officer (IO) who handles the crime scene, collects the evidence of the offence committed and records the statements of the eyewitnesses, the accused, and potential suspects. The IO is supposed to be a competent officer who maintains an unbiased approach throughout the investigation and inquiry. Unfortunately, evidence handling and collection aren’t carried out properly and the sanctity of the crime scene, and the evidence, aren’t preserved in Pakistan, which can have an adverse impact on the case. Once the investigation and inquiry stage is complete, the police draw up an investigation challan which is the final and conclusive investigation report.

Step 3: Criminal Prosecution and Trials

Once the IO submits the investigation challan, the accused is charged and the trial properly commences. The public prosecutor (a lawyer appointed by the state) pleads the case for the complainant/victim of a crime (albeit to assist the prosecution; the complainant is free to hire a private lawyer) while a defense lawyer pleads the case on behalf of the accused against the offences charged against him/her. The prosecutor assists the court in the trial by examining the witnesses and the evidence available against the accused. Thereafter, the defense is given a chance to examine the witnesses and prove that the evidence presented in the court is not enough to punish the accused. If there is an alibi, then the defense provides proof. If the defendant pleads that the accused is insane then a medical board sits and assesses the mental health status of the accused.

Step 4: Adjudication

After the trial and prosecution, the role of the judge comes into play. Based on the trial that took place in the court and the eyewitnesses and evidence presented, the judge makes a rational decision based on the requisite laws of Pakistan.

Step 5: Implementation of Verdict

Once the trial is concluded and justice is served, the Accused either receives his punishment or is set free by the court. However, there are also ways to reduce or nullify the punishment. One of them is Deeyat (or Blood Money) where the victim or the inheritor (in case of the victim’s absence) can receive compensation for the crime caused and the accused is freed. In some cases, the court can rule out this possibility and still punish the criminal.

The sentence can be also reduced by the court if and only if the Criminal Justice System finds that the convict is displaying exemplary behavior and conduct, or due to a severe medical condition.

Get Help – Hire a Criminal Law Expert

Being involved in a crime, whether as a victim or as an accused, is a traumatic and unsettling experience. Mistakes at the early stages of a crime can prove to be fatal when matters come to trial. Thus, it is best to get professional advice to guide and assist you through the whole process for several reasons. The lawyers at Sardar & CO. are well-equipped and experienced to deal with all such matters. You should consult Sardar & Co. for several reasons:

  • Sardar & Co. cares about you as it has one job which is to be your advocate at the trial. It is our job to protect your rights and to voice your best interest. assess the situation and form a plan to take the actions required to facilitate positive outcomes for you.
  • You are hiring an expert and as such, we can devote our energy and time solely to building a solid case on your behalf.
  • Prompt action can lead to mitigation, the earlier you take action for your case the higher the likelihood of a successful case. Do not let delays or faulty police investigations ruin your case.
  • You may be facing heavy penalties because of what is at stake in your case. You may think you are innocent but you need to take every action available to ensure that your innocence is proven and you do not suffer. You need someone who will protect you against such injustice.

Long-term financial benefits, while this seems contradictory, hiring an experienced criminal lawyer can reduce the costs associated with criminal charges in the long run.


Inheritance Laws in Pakistan

As Muslims, there is an obligation to ensure the proper distribution of wealth upon death. Doing so constitutes an act of worship to Allah. In Islam, a person is only a trustee of wealth, and the inheritance law in Pakistan ensures that the wealth is to be distributed fairly amongst the legal heirs according to Shariah. However, most people residing in Pakistan are not aware of their rights under inheritance laws or the rules and procedures associated with it, therefore, a lack of basic knowledge leads to unfair distribution and at times people, mostly women, and children are unjustly robbed of inheritance.

This article provides a brief overview of how the distribution of inheritance in Pakistan works:

Property Distribution – Islamic Inheritance Laws

Pakistan – being an Islamic republic – follows the Shariah law in the case of transferring properties after the death of a blood relative. To enact the Shariah law in Pakistan, the following two laws are used:

  • Muslim family law ordinance. 1961
  • The West Pakistan Muslim Personal Law, 1962


The primary duty of utmost priority according to Islamic law is to make sure that the funeral expenses of the deceased are paid off from the wealth of the deceased before any distributions of the wealth are made. As there are many aspects of funeral expenses, including unconventional cultural duties such as feeding the attendees of the burial, there is a consensus among scholars that the activities that must be paid for include washing, shrouding the deceased, and burying him. Any further ceremonial activities should not be paid for from the wealth of the deceased.


Before the distribution of any property of the Deceased takes place, it’s important to first clear off all the debts of that individual. This includes the dower amount (Haq Meher) of the wife, in the event that the deceased person is her husband, which if left unpaid at the time of marriage should be cleared. Distribution of the wealth before clearing all debts and liabilities is unlawful and should be strictly avoided by the legal heirs.


If the deceased person has left behind a will, that needs to be honored after the clearing of all debts. However, under Islamic law, only one-third of the deceased’s total assets can be given this way and the remaining assets are to be distributed amongst the rightful legal heirs.


Although the division of the estate can differ depending on the sect the deceased belongs to, most commonly, it is distributed in accordance with a hierarchy of three classes of heirs:

  • First-class often referred to as the Quranic Heirs or Sharers; and
  • The second class includes grandparents and siblings. In the absence of siblings, nephews and nieces inherit.
  • The third class includes paternal and maternal aunts & uncles and their descendants.

Six heirs will always inherit if they survive the deceased and these are, husband/wife, son, daughter, father, and mother. A brief understanding is as follows:

  • A husband is entitled to half his deceased wife’s estate if she has no children. If she has children, he is entitled to a quarter share.
  • A wife is entitled to a quarter share of her deceased husband’s estate if she has no children. If she has children, she is entitled to one-eighth.
  • Sons usually inherit twice as much as their sisters when one of their parents dies.
  • The mother and father of the deceased are entitled to one-sixth of the share each if the deceased had children, if the deceased had no children, then the mother is entitled to one-third of the whole estate.

Finally, the disqualification of a rightful heir from inheritance can be enacted in the following two ways

  • A difference in religion between the heir and the parent
  • The homicide of the deceased by the heir

While the most crucial aspects of inheritance distribution have been covered, A more detailed understanding of the lawful ratio of the distribution of wealth in multiple scenarios can be found here.


Losing a loved one can be an extremely difficult time and the last thing a grieving soul wants to do is deal with the worldly repercussions of the death of their loved one, however, one must conjure the courage to go through with the distribution, as it is an act in the path of Allah.

Although the process used to be extremely tedious in previous years, presently, the process of obtaining the succession of the estate of a deceased person has been fairly simplified through recent legislation and can be followed through a quick five-stage process facilitated by Succession Facilitation Units operated by the National Database Registration Authority (NADRA). If you need more clarity or legal expertise, feel free to reach out to the best lawyers in Pakistan at Sardar & Co who can advise you and help you with the procedure.


Domestic Abuse, Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is a pattern of behavior in familial relationships, used to gain or maintain power and control over an intimate partner. Domestic violence can include physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats that influence and terrorize another person. Domestic violence can include frightening, intimidating, manipulating, hurting, humiliating, blaming, hitting, injuring, or wounding someone. Here it is important to note that victims of domestic violence may also include children, relatives, or any other household member.

The Law Against Domestic Violence in Pakistan

Domestic violence is a pervasive issue in Pakistan, with an estimated 40% of women having reported experiencing abuse from a partner or family member. Despite the prevalence of this issue, there are very few laws in place to protect victims. In this article, we’ll explore what the law against domestic violence in Pakistan looks like and how it can be used to protect survivors. We’ll also discuss how NGOs and other organizations are fighting for better legislation and stronger enforcement of existing laws in order to ensure that all women have access to the justice they deserve.

The Types of Domestic Violence

  1. There are four types of domestic violence under Pakistani law: physical, mental, sexual, and economic.
  2. Physical domestic violence is when a person is physically harmed by their intimate partner. This can include hitting, kicking, burning, or using any other type of force against the victim.
  3. Mental domestic violence is when a person is psychologically harmed by their intimate partner. This can include verbal abuse, threats, intimidation, or controlling behavior.
  4. Sexual domestic violence is when a person is forced to participate in sexual activity against their will or without their consent. This can include rape, sexual assault, or unwanted sexual touching.
  5. Economic domestic violence is when a person is financially harmed by their intimate partner. This can include withholding money, preventing the victim from getting or keeping a job, or destroying property belonging to the victim.

The Domestic Violence Act

The Domestic Violence Act was passed in 2010 and criminalizes various forms of domestic violence, including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic abuse. The act also provides for protection orders and redressal mechanisms for victims of domestic violence.

What is considered domestic violence in Pakistan?

Domestic violence is a serious problem in Pakistan. According to a report by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, over 1,000 women are killed each year in Pakistan as a result of domestic violence. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that there is no law against domestic violence in Pakistan.

While there is no specific law against domestic violence in Pakistan, there are a number of laws that can be used to prosecute perpetrators of domestic violence. These include the penal code, the criminal procedure code, and the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance.

The penal code contains provisions that can be used to prosecute perpetrators of domestic violence. For example, section 302 of the penal code deals with murder, and section 307 deals with attempted murder. Section 310 deals with hurt caused by dangerous weapons or means, and section 324 deals with voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means.

The criminal procedure code contains provisions that deal with procedures for arrests and bail in cases of domestic violence. Section 506 deals with punishment for criminal intimidation, and section 509 deals with punishment for using insulting words or gestures to provoke a breach of the peace.

The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance contains provisions that deal with marriage, divorce, custody, and maintenance in cases of domestic violence. For example, section 496-A deals with dowry demands made after marriage, and section 498-A deals with cruelty by husband or his relatives towards a wife.

Who can file a complaint of domestic violence?

In Pakistan, any woman who is a victim of domestic violence can file a complaint against her abuser. The first step is to contact the police and make a report. Once the police have been notified, they will investigate the abuse and determine whether there is enough evidence to file charges against the abuser. If there are sufficient grounds for doing so, the abuser will be arrested and taken into custody.

The next step is for the victim to file a petition with the court, which will then issue a protection order requiring the abuser to stay away from the victim and her family. The protection order can also include other provisions such as ordering the abuser to surrender any firearms he may have in his possession. If the abuser violates the protection order, he can be arrested and charged with contempt of court.

If you are a victim of domestic violence, it is important to know that you have legal options available to you. You should not hesitate to reach out for help if you are in an abusive situation.

What are the penalties for domestic violence in Pakistan?

Under Pakistani law, domestic violence is a criminal offense. The penalties for domestic violence depend on the severity of the offense and can range from a fine to imprisonment. In some cases, the offender may also be required to pay restitution to the victim.
If you are convicted of domestic violence in Pakistan, you may face any of the following penalties:

  • A fine of up to Rs. 100,000
  • Imprisonment for up to 2 years
  • Restitution to the victim
  • Probation

The Role of Islamic Law in Pakistan’s Legal System

Role of Islamic Laws in Pakistan's legal system

For many in the West, the concept of Islamic law — and its role in the legal systems of Muslim majority countries — is one that’s shrouded in mystery. But for countries like Pakistan, where approximately 96 percent of the population is Muslim, it’s a reality that shapes everyday life. In this blog post, we will explore the role of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system, how it has evolved over time, and how it interacts with (and influences) other aspects of Pakistani law. We’ll also discuss how advocates are working to bring awareness to issues related to religious discrimination and inequality within Pakistan’s legal structures. By understanding these topics, we can gain a better understanding of the complexities involved when dealing with Islamic Law and its implications for society.

What is Islamic law?

Islamic law, or Sharia, is the legal framework that governs the Muslim world. It is derived from the Quran and the Hadith, and is based on Islamic principles of justice.

  • Sharia covers all aspects of life, including family law, contract law, criminal law, and financial law. In Pakistan, Sharia is enshrined in the Constitution and forms the basis of the country’s legal system.
  • There are four main schools of thought in Islam: Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hanbali. Each school has its own interpretations of Sharia. In Pakistan, the Hanafi school is followed.
  • Islamic law is not static; it evolves over time in response to changing needs and circumstances. However, certain core principles remain constant, such as the prohibition on murder, theft, and adultery.
  • The role of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system is significant; it provides a framework for resolving disputes in accordance with Islamic principles of justice.

History of Pakistan’s Legal System

Pakistan’s legal system has its roots in the British colonial system. After the country’s independence in 1947, the Muslim majority of the population wanted Islamic law to be a part of the new nation’s legal system. This resulted in the incorporation of some Islamic laws into the existing statutory law.

In 1977, a military coup led by General Zia-ul-Haq ushered in a period of Islamization. During this time, more Islamic laws were incorporated into Pakistan’s legal system. In addition, sharia courts were established to hear cases involving family law and other personal status issues.

Although there have been some changes to Pakistan’s legal system since 1997, when civilian rule was re-established, it still remains heavily influenced by Islam. For example, sharia courts continue to operate alongside the regular court system and there are certain areas of law, such as family law and inheritance, that are still governed by Islamic law.

The current Legal system of Pakistan

Pakistan is an Islamic republic with a federal parliamentary system. The Constitution of Pakistan establishes Islam as the state religion and stipulates that all laws must be compatible with Muslim morality. However, the Constitution also guarantees equality and freedom of religion for all citizens.

The legal system of Pakistan is based on English common law, Sharia law, and customary law. Sharia law is derived from the Quran and Hadith (the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad). Pakistani lawyers and judges are trained in both common law and Sharia law.

Customary law consists of local traditions and customs that are not codified in either Sharia or common law. This includes traditional systems of dispute resolution, such as mediation and arbitration.

The court system in Pakistan consists of civil courts, criminal courts, and religious courts. Civil courts deal with matters such as divorce, child custody, property disputes, and contract disputes. Criminal courts deal with crimes such as murder, robbery, and assault. Religious courts deal with questions of personal status, such as marriage, divorce, inheritance, and adoption.

Pakistan has a two-tiered court system: the High Courts are the appellate courts for all lower court decisions; the Supreme Court is the final court of appeal. There is also a Federal Shariat Court, which has jurisdiction over questions of Islamic law.

The structure of the Legal system in Pakistan

The legal system of Pakistan is a combination of both civil law and common law. The Constitution of Pakistan recognizes Islam as the state religion, and provides for a dual system of courts, with both secular and religious courts having Jurisdiction over certain matters.

Islamic law, or sharia, is the primary source of legislation in Pakistan. The Constitution requires that all laws be consistent with sharia, and gives the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) a mandate to review all legislation to ensure compliance. In addition to serving as an advisory body, the CII also has the power to declare any existing law inconsistent with sharia, which would then be void.

Pakistan’s Supreme Court has held that sharia is a source of inspiration for Pakistani laws, but is not itself binding law. In practice, however, most laws are based on sharia principles. For example, the penal code includes provisions such as stoning for adultery and flogging for alcohol consumption, which are derived from sharia. There is also a separate court system for family law matters such as marriage, divorce, and inheritance, which is based on sharia principles.

The role of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system has been controversial. Critics argue that it discriminates against women and non-Muslims, and violates international human rights standards. Supporters contend that it is an important part of Pakistani culture and identity, and provides much needed clarity on personal status issues.

Importance of Islamic Laws in Pakistan

Under the Constitution of Pakistan, Islamic law is a source of legislation and the judiciary has the power to adjudicate disputes in accordance with it. However, the extent to which Islamic law is incorporated into the legal system varies depending on the particular legal issue and the jurisdiction in which it is being considered.

There are four main sources of Islamic law: the Quran, Hadith (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad), Ijma (consensus of Muslim scholars) and Qiyas (analogical reasoning). In addition to these, there are also various secondary sources that may be used to interpret and apply Islamic law, such as Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Ijtihad (reasoning by independent legal scholars) and Usul al-Fiqh (the principles of Islamic jurisprudence).

The Quran is considered to be the highest authority in Islam and its verses contain general principles that are applicable to all aspects of life. The Hadith provide more specific guidance on how these principles should be applied in different situations. Where there is no clear guidance from either the Quran or Hadith, Muslim scholars have traditionally relied on consensus (ijma) or analogical reasoning (qiyas) to reach a decision.

In recent years, there has been an increased focus on using ijtihad to interpret Islamic law in a way that is relevant to contemporary issues and problems. This has led to the development of new schools of thought within

What are the pros and cons of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system?

There are a number of pros and cons to the role of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system. On the plus side, Islamic law is seen as a more equitable and just system than the British-based common law system that was in place before Pakistan’s independence. Islamic law also provides for a higher degree of personal freedoms than common law, particularly with regard to freedom of religion.

On the downside, some argue that the implementation of Islamic law in Pakistan has been imperfect, leading to discrimination against religious minorities and women. There is also concern that the increasing influence of Islamists in Pakistan could lead to further restrictions on personal freedoms and the imposition of strict moral codes.

In conclusion, the role of Islamic law in Pakistan’s legal system is significant and has evolved over time, with its incorporation into the country’s legal system beginning in the post-colonial period and continuing with the Islamization process under General Zia-ul-Haq. Today, Islamic law is recognized as a fundamental part of Pakistan’s legal system and is implemented through the Federal Shariat Court and sharia benches at the provincial and local levels. It covers a range of legal and social issues, including personal status, criminal law, and business transactions. While Islamic law is an important source of legislation in Pakistan, the country’s legal system also includes elements of English common law, customary law, and international law, leading to a complex and multifaceted system. Advocates are working to bring awareness to issues of religious discrimination and inequality within Pakistan’s legal structures, highlighting the ongoing importance and relevance of these issues.