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Reporting Against Cyber-Crime in Pakistan

What is Cyber Crime?

Cybercrime is on the rise in Pakistan and the general population does not have much awareness or knowledge about it yet. People hardly know that they or the people around them (family, friends, or loved ones) are the victims of this crime let alone know what to do about it. It is important to first understand basically what cybercrime means and what laws govern cybercrime in Pakistan. Once understood properly, we’ll move to how you can file a complaint if a cybercrime has been committed against you and how a lawyer in Pakistan can help if that may be the case. 

What is Cyber Crime?

Cybercrime is a criminal activity that either targets or uses a computer, a computer network, or a networked device. It is essentially an activity commissioned via a computer, digital devices, and networks used in the cyber realm, and is facilitated through the internet medium. It can include the distant theft of information belonging to an individual, government, or corporate sector through criminal trespassing into unauthorized remote systems around the world. It includes stealing millions of rupees from online banks, phishing attacks on private persons, corporate data theft, stealing private information and using such information to blackmail, cause emotional and physical distress, and more.

The number of cybercrime cases in Pakistan has been increasing with time and the lack of resources at NR3C is making it difficult to limit them. And a notable spike in cyber crimes has been seen during the pandemic. 

cyber crime record in Pakistan
Source: DRF – Digital Rights Foundation

Cyber Crime Laws in Pakistan

The government of Pakistan introduced the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2016 to fend off cybercrimes and help the victim attain the justice they deserve. All the things that fall in the cybercrime law and are punishable with jail time and/or fine are stated below:

  • Cyberstalking
  • Posting of someone’s images without their consent
  • Creation of a fake social media ID impersonating someone else
  • Data Tampering
  • Defaming someone on the internet
  • Spamming
  • Fund transfer fraud
  • Spoofing
  • Unauthorized Access, Copying, or Transmission of  Information or Data
  • Unauthorized Access to Critical Infrastructure Information System or Data
  • Spreading racial or ethnic hatred
  • Unethically hacking into websites, databases, Email IDs, social media accounts

How to Report a Complaint Against Cyber Crime?

cyber crime

If you or someone you know are the victims of any of the above, you can do either of the following to report the cybercrime in Pakistan.

  • Click here to go to the NRC3 website where you can register complaints against cybercrime by filling and submitting the application online.
  • You can also report the crime through email. Jot down an application with all relevant information along with your complete credentials (Name, Address, CNIC, and Contact No.) and send it to helpdesk@nr3c.gov.pk.
  • Another option to register the complaint is by mailing the hard copy of your application to this address: 
    •  Director NR3C-FIA, National Police Foundation Building, 2nd Floor, Mauve Area, G-10/4, Islamabad.  Do mention all the details of the incident along with your personal information.
  • Or you can simply visit any of the regional NRC3 offices in your city and file the complaint in person. 

How a Cyber Crime Lawyer Can Help?

When you are filing a complaint against cybercrime, it needs to be thorough and have all the possible details that can be included in the application. An experienced and skilled cyber crime lawyer can help you in drafting the application, guide you with the complete process, and handle the case once the complaint is registered. 

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